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MBA畢業論文_電子科技大學成都校友創新創業調查DOC

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I 摘要 服務社會是電子科技大學“十三五”發展規劃的主要任務之一,為更好的服務成 都經濟社會發展,本文對成都地區電子科技大學校友的創新創業活動進行多維度 的調查,并根據調查的結果提出對策及建議。 本次調研通過三種方式進行,一是針對成都市校友進行問卷調查。二是對成 都校友 67 家新三板和 A 股上市公司、41 家教師創辦企業、70 家校友創業企業分 別進行二手數據調研。三是針對不同行業,不同領域,不同發展階段的六家典型 校友創業企業進行訪談調研。 調研發現,電子科大校友企業是成都市“雙創”重要力量,而且是成都市新經濟 領域開拓的主力軍。另外校友企業發揮了高端人才領軍作用和專業人才“吸附”作 用、校友企業有力的支撐了成都市電子信息產業功能區發展,提升了產業成熟度、 為成都市提供就業,擴大稅基做出貢獻。校友有效鏈接產學研,獲取政策性創新 資源。另外還發現一些問題,新創企業技術成果轉化不力;校友服務工作不到位; 校友和校友企業在與學校合作方面還不是很順暢,沒有與學校進行更多的產學研 對接;另外校友間以及校友企業間的合作也是寥寥無幾;電子科技大學校友企業 上市地和上市時間集中,創新創業活動受政策影響較大;創新引領能力不足,產 業影響力不高;自主知識產權保護意識有待進一步加強;還有相關支持政策推行 不到位。 針對這些問題,本文給出了幾點建議,對電子科大來講,加大科技成果轉化 服務力度,促進大學知識溢出;升級校友服務平臺,讓校友網絡發揮價值;與企 業建立良性合作的長效機制;積極參與成都“校院企地”合作創新模式探索;提升教 師和校友在成都經濟發展中的影響力;加強學生創新創業理論知識的培養;為師 生提供創新創業平臺并構建保障體系;與政府加強合作。對成都市政府建議,持 續推進對創新創業的鼓勵政策、激發創新活力,打造樣板標桿;加強政策宣傳力 度,優化創新創業服務;大力開展相關知識培訓工作;起好牽頭作用,構建產學 研合作機制、開展科技成果轉化及知識產權保護的培訓工作等。 本次調研通過對成都地區校友創新創業活動系統的分析,在推斷校友和校友 企業對成都經濟貢獻的同時,也為電子科大建設“雙一流”高校提供借鑒,同時有助 于讓校友企業群體更好的服務于成都市經濟社會轉型發展。 關鍵詞,創新創業,校友調查,產學研,知識溢出ABSTRACT II ABSTRACT Serving the society is one of the main tasks of the “13th Five-Year” development plan of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. In order to better serve the economic and social development of Chengdu, this paper conducts a multi-dimensional investigation on the innovation and entrepreneurial activities of the alumni of University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC)in Chengdu, and according to the survey. According to the investigation results, the countermeasures and Suggestions are put forward. The survey was conducted in three ways. One was to conduct a questionnaire survey for Chengdu alumni. The second is to conduct secondary data research on 67 alumni of Chengdu alumni, 41 teachers' founding companies, and 70 alumni startups. The third is to conduct interviews and surveys on six typical alumni startups in different industries, different fields and different stages of development. The survey found that: the alumni enterprises of UESTC are not only an important force of innovation and innovation in Chengdu, but also the main force of Chengdu's new economic development. In addition, alumni enterprises have played a leading role in high-end talents and the role of “adsorption” of professional talents. Alumni enterprises have strongly supported the development of Chengdu's electronic information industry functional zone, improved industrial maturity, provided employment for Chengdu, and contributed to the expansion of tax base. Alumni effectively link industry, university and research to obtain policy innovation resources. In addition, some problems were found: the place where the UESTC alumni enterprises were listed and the time of listing were concentrated, The innovation and entrepreneurial activities were greatly affected by the policies. The lack of innovation leading ability, the industrial influence was not high. The technology achievements of new enterprises are not well transformed. The protection of independent intellectual property rights Consciousness needs to be further strengthened. Alumni and alumni companies are not very smooth in cooperation with schools, and there is no more industry-university research and docking with schools. In addition, the implementation of relevant policies support has not been done well. In response to these problems, this paper gives some suggestions: For the UESTC,ABSTRACT III actively participate in the exploration of the “college and place” cooperation and innovation model in Chengdu. Increase the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, promote university knowledge spillovers. And enhance the influence of teachers and alumni in Chengdu's economic development; upgrade the alumni service platform, let the alumni network play its value; Strengthen the cultivation of students' innovative knowledge and entrepreneurship theory; provide innovative and entrepreneurial platforms for teachers and students and build a security system; Strengthen cooperation with the government. Suggestions for the Chengdu Municipal Government: Continue to promote incentive policies for innovation and entrepreneurship, stimulate innovation and create a model; strengthen policy propaganda, optimize innovation and entrepreneurship services; vigorously carry out relevant knowledge training; take the lead, and build industry-university-research cooperation mechanism And carry out training on the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and intellectual property protection knowledge. Through the analysis of the alumni innovation and entrepreneurial activity system in Chengdu, this survey, while inferring the contribution of alumni and alumni enterprises to Chengdu's economy, also provides reference for the construction of “double-class” universities in the UESTC, and helps to make the alumni corporate group more Good service to Chengdu's economic and social transformation and development. Keywords: Innovation and entrepreneurship, alumni survey, industry-university research, knowledge spillover目錄 IV 目 錄 第一章 緒論.................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 調研背景............................................................................................................ 1 1.2 調研目的及意義................................................................................................ 2 1.3 調研設計............................................................................................................ 3 1.3.1 調研問題 ................................................................................................ 3 1.3.2 研究方法 ................................................................................................ 4 1.3.3 調研過程 ................................................................................................ 5 1.3.4 數據分析方法 ........................................................................................ 8 1.4 研究內容與論文框架........................................................................................ 8 1.4.1 研究內容 ................................................................................................ 8 1.4.2 論文框架 ................................................................................................ 8 1.5 本文創新之處.................................................................................................... 9 第二章 國內外研究型大學校友創新創業調查經驗.................................................. 10 2.1 MIT 校友創新創業調查 .................................................................................. 10 2.2 斯坦福大學校友創新創業調查...................................................................... 10 2.3 清華大學校友創新創業調查...........................................................................11 2.4 浙江大學創新創業生態藍皮書.......................................................................11 2.5 經驗總結.......................................................................................................... 12 第三章 電子科技大學成都校友創新創業現狀分析.................................................. 14 3.1 電子科大校友企業對成都經濟社會發展的影響.......................................... 14 3.1.1 被調查企業的基本情況 ...................................................................... 14 3.1.2 “雙創”重要力量.................................................................................... 14 3.1.3 新經濟領域開拓的主力軍 .................................................................. 19 3.1.4 發揮高端人才領軍作用和專業人才“吸附”作用............................... 22 3.1.5 支撐成都電子信息產業功能區發展,提升產業成熟度 .................. 23 3.1.6 解決就業,擴大稅基 .......................................................................... 24 3.1.7 連接產學研、獲取政策性創新資源 .................................................. 24 3.2 電子科大校友創新創業情況.......................................................................... 24 第四章 校友企業創新創業典型案例.......................................................................... 29 4.1 邁普通信.......................................................................................................... 29目錄 V 4.1.1 邁普通信及創始人簡介 ...................................................................... 29 4.1.2 邁普通信的創新歷程 .......................................................................... 30 4.1.3 邁普通信持續創新的秘訣 .................................................................. 31 4.1.4 案例小結 .............................................................................................. 34 4.2 華氣厚普.......................................................................................................... 34 4.2.1 華氣厚普及創始人簡介 ...................................................................... 34 4.2.2 華氣厚普創業發展路線 ...................................................................... 35 4.2.3 華氣厚普如何一步一步突破產業瓶頸 .............................................. 36 4.2.4 華氣厚普面臨的挑戰 .......................................................................... 38 4.2.5 案例小結 .............................................................................................. 39 4.3 極米科技.......................................................................................................... 39 4.3.1 極米科技和創始人簡介 ...................................................................... 39 4.3.2 極米科技創業發展簡史 ...................................................................... 40 4.3.3 極米科技快速發展的動因 .................................................................. 41 4.3.4 案例小結 .............................................................................................. 42 第五章 電子科大成都校友創新創業存在的問題...................................................... 44 5.1 科技成果轉化不力.......................................................................................... 44 5.2 校友服務工作不到位...................................................................................... 44 5.3 企業與高校合作不緊密.................................................................................. 45 5.4 經濟貢獻持續性不足...................................................................................... 45 5.5 校友企業創新引領能力不足,產業影響力不高.......................................... 45 5.6 相關政策推行不到位...................................................................................... 46 第六章 提升校友創新創業對成都市經濟社會發展貢獻的措施.............................. 48 6.1 對電子科大的建議.......................................................................................... 48 6.1.1 加大科技成果轉化服務力度 .............................................................. 48 6.1.2 升級校友服務平臺 .............................................................................. 48 6.1.3 與企業建立良性合作的長效機制 ...................................................... 49 6.1.4 提升教師和校友影響力 ...................................................................... 50 6.1.5 加強學生創新創業理論知識的培養 .................................................. 50 6.1.6 為師生提供創新創業平臺并構建保障體系 ...................................... 50 6.1.7 與政府加強合作 .................................................................................. 51 6.2 對成都市政府的建議...................................................................................... 51 6.2.1 持續推進針對創新創業的鼓勵政策 .................................................. 51目錄 VI 6.2.2 激發創新活力,打造樣板標桿 .......................................................... 52 6.2.3 加強政策宣傳力度,優化創新創業服務 .......................................... 52 6.2.4 大力開展相關知識的培訓工作 .......................................................... 52 6.2.5 牽頭構建產學研合作機制 .................................................................. 53 6.2.6 加大對科技服務企業的支持力度 ...................................................... 53 第七章 結論與不足...................................................................................................... 54 7.1 結論.................................................................................................................. 54 7.2 研究不足之處與展望...................................................................................... 54 7.2.1 本次研究不足之處 .............................................................................. 55 7.2.2 展望 ...................................................................................................... 55 致謝............................................................................................................................ 56
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